- MB ChB are used at the universities of Birmingham, Bristol, Lancaster, Leeds, Leicester, Liverpool, Keele, Manchester, Sheffield, and Warwick.
- MBBCh are used at Cardiff University.
- MB, BCh, BAO are used at the Queen's University, Belfast.
- MB BS are used at the University of East Anglia, Hull York Medical School, Imperial College London, the University of London (consisting of the UCL Medical School, St. George's, University of London, King's College London Medical School, and Barts and the London Medical School), and Newcastle University.
- BM BCh are used at the University of Oxford.
- BM BS are used at the University of Nottingham, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, and Brighton and Sussex Medical School
- BM is awarded at the University of Southampton. Although no degree in surgery is formally awarded by Southampton, this degree is equivalent to the MB ChB, and students may go on to a career in surgery the same as any other graduates in medicine and surgery.
MB BChir are awarded by the University of Cambridge.
At the University of St Andrews, pre-clinical study leads to the award of a BSc (Hons) degree. Students then progress to other institutions to complete their MBChB. At the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the preclinical course leads to an additional Bachelor of Arts (BA), degree (upgradable after three or four years to Master of Arts), after which most students used to go elsewhere (but usually to one of the London teaching hospitals) to complete clinical training. They could then take the degrees of their new university: they used to have the options of returning to their old university to take the clinical examinations, or taking one of the old non-university qualifying examinations.
The Conjoint diplomas: LRCP, MRCS, and the alternative diploma LMSSA were non-university qualifying examinations in medicine and surgery awarded jointly by the Royal College of Physicians of London, Royal College of Surgeons of England and Society of Apothecariesthrough the United Examining Board from 1994 until 1999, when the General Medical Council withdrew permission. Prior to 1994, the English Conjoint diploma of LRCP, MRCS was awarded for 110 years, and the LMSSA was a distinct and sometimes less-esteemed qualification. These diplomas slowly became less popular among British medical students, but as recently as 1938 only a half of them qualified with university degrees. The diplomas came to be taken mostly by those who had already qualified in medicine overseas.
All Ghanaian medical schools award an MB ChB as the basic medical degree after 6 academic years. These medical schools are Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (http://knust.edu.gh) and University of Ghana.
The University of Guyana awards MB BS. Other "offshore" United-States-linked schools in the country award the North American MD. Recently, the University of Guyana acquired accreditation by CAAM-HP, establishing itself as a credible institute and teaching standards in comparison with University of West Indies.
The awarding of qualifications in Hong Kong follows the British tradition. The dual degree is awarded as:
- MB, BS at The University of Hong Kong; and
- MB, ChB at The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
In Indonesia, medicine is an undergraduate study. The Bachelor of Medicine program is completed in 3.5 up to 4 years and graduating students are awarded the degree of S.Ked (Sarjana Kedokteran / Bachelor of Medicine). At this point, the graduate is not yet a doctor, but he or she may choose to work directly as a scientist or other non-clinician professions (usually still health-related). However, most S.Ked graduates will pursue the conventional path, which is to enroll in the clerkship program for another 1.5 up to 2 years. This makes the total duration of medical school 5 or 6 years. After they finish clerkship, they will take their Hippocratic Oath and be awarded the title of dr.(medical doctor, equivalent to M.D. in United States). Graduates who hold this title are licensed and may now practice medicine. Note that this title is written in lowercase "d", as opposed to uppercase "D", Dr., which in Indonesia refers to a Ph.D.
In Iran, the primary medical (postgraduate) degree is completed in 7 years. Medical graduates are awarded a postgraduate certificate in general medicine and referred to as general doctors. They may subsequently specialize in a specific medical field at medical school offering the necessary qualification, and upon graduation apply for specialist training posts.
All medical schools in Iraq award MB ChB.
The medical schools in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland—namely Queen's University Belfast, University of Dublin (Trinity College), some constituent institutions of the National University of Ireland (University College Dublin, University College Cork and National University of Ireland, Galway), and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland—award the degrees of MB BCh BAO. The letters BAO stand forBaccalaureus in Arte Obstetricia (Bachelor of Obstetrics), a degree unique to Ireland which the Irish universities added in the 19th century as the legislation at the time insisted on a final examination in obstetrics. This third degree is an anachronism which is not registerable with the Irish Medical Council nor the British General Medical Council (GMC). The only exception is the University of Limerick graduate school of medicine which awards BM BS for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.
LRCPI LRCSI, or simply LRCP&SI, denotes a holder of the historical non-university qualifying licenciates awarded jointly by the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland and the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland to students of the RCSI's medical school under the Irish Conjoint Scheme. Unlike the corresponding licentiates awarded by the Royal Colleges in Scotland and England (which were external qualifications), these qualifications are still registerable with the Irish Medical Council, but not with the British GMC. Students at RCSI still receive these licenciates but now also receive the degrees MB BCh BAO, due to RCSI's status as a recognised college of the National University of Ireland. The RCSI students also received a Licence in Midwifery (LM) from each college, in the same way that the Irish universities granted BAO degrees, so their qualifications were sometimes expressed as L & LM, RCPI, L & LM, RCSI or more misleadingly as LLM, RCP&SI.
LAH formerly denoted a licentiate of the now-defunct Apothecaries' Hall, Dublin, and is no longer awarded.
The Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) degree is awarded in Jordan after completion of six years comprising three years of medical sciences and three clinical years. Currently, four state supported universities grant the degree which are:
- Jordan University of Science and Technology
- University of Jordan
- Mutah University
- Hashemite University
The national universities with medical faculties in Kenya, namely the University of Nairobi, Kenyatta University, Moi University, Maseno University and Egerton University award MB ChB.
Mount Kenya University awards a different degree, the Bachelor of Clinical Medicine and Community Health.
There are two major medical universities in Libya, University of Tripoli (Tripoli) and Garyounis University (Benghazi). Both schools award MBBCh. There is also a credited private university called Libyan International Medical University.
11 Public Universities
MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine & Bachelor of Surgery) :
• Universiti Malaya (UM) - October 1949
• Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia (UIAM) - May 1995
• Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) - June 2003
• Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) - July 2005
• Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA) - July 2009
MD (Doctor of Medicine) :
• Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) - May 1973
• Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) - June 1979
• Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) - May 1995
• Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) - August 1996
• Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS) - June 2003
• Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) - Sept 2011
22 Private Universities
• International Medical University (IMU)
• Monash University Malaysia Campus
• Management and Science University - International Medical School (MSU-IMS)
• Melaka-Manipal Medical College (MMMC)
• Penang Medical College (PMC)
• Asian Institute of Medicine, Sciences & Technology (AIMST University)
• UniKL Royal College of Medicine Perak (UniKL RCMP)
• UCSI University
• Allianze University College of Medical Sciences (AUCMS)
• Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences (CUCMS)
• MAHSA University College
• Taylor's University
• Newcastle University Medical School
• Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR)
• Masterskill University College of Health Sciences (MUCH)
• SEGI University College
• Insaniah University College
• Perdana University (Graduate Entry Medical Program)
All five medical schools (UM1, UM 2, DSMA, UMDY, UMG) in Myanmar award MB BS.
All 12 medical schools in Nepal award MB BS.
The Following is a short list of Medical Colleges in Nepal:
Nepalgunj Medical College (NGMC) B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical and Health Science Kathmandu Medical College Kathmandu University, College of Medical Sciences Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS) Nepal Medical College Tribhuvan University, Institute of Medicines
The two New Zealand medical schools, Auckland and Otago, style their degrees as MB ChB.
All sixty-nine medical colleges and schools in Pakistan award MBBS.
PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
In the People's Republic of China, medical graduates are traditionally awarded a Bachelor of Medicine (BMed) for a course of study lasting five or six years. However, as of 2010, 34 universities, including its frequently top-ranked medical schools, have been authorized by the government to award the MB BS degree as an equivalent to the BMed. These universities are:
- Peking University Health Science Center
- Zhejiang University
- Shanghai Jiao Tong University
- Fudan University
- Capital Medical University
- Tianjin Medical University
- Dalian Medical University
- China Medical University
- Jilin University
- Harbin Medical University
- Southeast University
- Nanjing Medical University
- Soochow University
- Zhejiang University
- Wenzhou Medical College
- Shandong University
- Qingdao University
- Zhengzhou University
- Wuhan University
- Huazhong University of Science and Technology
- Central South University
- Southern Medical University
- Guangxi Medical University
- Sichuan University
- Chongqing Medical University
- Xian Jiaotong University
- Xinjiang Medical University
- Nantong University
- Fujian Medical University
- Anhui Medical University
- Hebei Medical University
- Shantou University
- Guangzhou Medical College
- Ningxia Medical University
- Nanchang University
- Beihua University
- Jiamusi University
- Ningbo University
- Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Medical schools in Saudi Arabia award MB BS.
One such medical school is Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies.
Medical schools in Somalia award the MBBS degree.
All medical schools in Scotland (Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow) award MB ChB.
The University of St Andrews School of Medicine awarded MB ChB until the early 1970s, but since the incorporation of its clinical medical school into the University of Dundee, St Andrews now only awards a pre-clinical BSc or BSc (Hons), and students go to a Partner Medical School (Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow, or Manchester where they are awarded an MB ChB after a further three years' study.
The Scottish Triple Conjoint Diploma of LRCPE, LRCSE, LRCPSG (earlier LRCPE, LRCSE, LRFPSG) is an old non-university qualifying examination in medicine and surgery awarded jointly by the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, previously through a Conjoint Board and from 1994 through the United Examining Board. These qualifications are still registrable with the GMC, but permission to award them was withdrawn by the Privy Council of the UK in 1999.
The University of Pretoria, University of Cape Town, University of the Free State, University of Stellenbosch, University of KwaZulu-Natal and MEDUNSA all award MB ChB, whereas the University of the Witwatersrand styles its degree as MB BCh. See Medical education in South Africa.
The Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at the National University of Singapore confers MB BS. The American Duke University also has a medical programme based in Singapore, but it follows the North-American model of styling its degree Doctor of Medicine.
The University of Colombo, Sabaragamuwa University, University of Peradeniya, University of Kelaniya (Ragama), University of Ruhuna,University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Rajarata University, University of Jaffna and Eastern University of Sri Lanka all award MB BS.
All Sudanese medical schools award BM BCh.
Use of the M. D. Title: The Wisconsin Medical Society defends the use of the M.D. title by physicians who graduated with an M.B.B.S. and are licensed to practice medicine in Wisconsin.
The four universities in Uganda that have medical schools, namely Makerere University, Mbarara University, Gulu University and Kampala International University, all award the MBChB degree.
Both universities in Wales that have medical schools, namely Cardiff University and Swansea University, award MB BCh.
All constituent countries of the University of the West Indies (UWI) confer MB BS, due to the historical affiliation of UWI to the University of London. There are other medical schools in the West Indies, but these follow the North-American system leading to MD.